You love coffee right? Of course you do or you would not be on this page. Order some green pinto beans and we will help walk you through the home roasting process.
home roasting coffee
You can find really only three steps to be able to roasting your own coffee.
Choose a roaster (or a method of roasting)
Choose your green coffee beans
Understand the roasting process
Choosing the initial coffee roaster
There are lots of alternatives for your first roasting experience. Fortunately easy and simple ways to get started are also the cheapest.
The best way to get going (and the way I first started) is by using a Hot Air Popcorn Popper. Yes, contrary to popular belief this is the cheapest and fastest way to get started and learn about roasting. You could also use a skillet, wok, stovetop popper or numerous other homemade methods. For the purposes I will discuss while using the Hot Air Popcorn method.
You can get an air roasting starter kit from us here, additionally, you can go to Walmart and pick-up an air popper. Our kit should include some green coffees to get you started, or just order saving money coffee from us here.
There are many things you should be aware of before we discuss air poppers further.
Hot air popcorn poppers usually are not made for or intended to be used for roasting coffee
When using these poppers the life expectancy in the machine is short (normally 6 months in my experience) they simply are not intended to run for as long as they do when roasting coffee
Any warranty that is included with the popper will be voided by using it for roasting coffee
Operating that out of the way, the poppers usually only cost about $12 to $30 at Walmart and work perfect for a new home roaster. For the guide to roasting with a Hot Air Popcorn Popper take a look here.
Choose your green espresso beans
To help you get started we have a 4 pound sampler pack that includes a variety of our current offerings here. You can even view all of our current green coffee only at that link.
The process of roasting coffee
Because your coffee begins to heat it’s going to go through several stages that you’ll need to be able to identify to be able to know how long to roast. There are numerous things to watch, smell and listen as you roast but these are the basic stages.
Yellowing – Initially while the beans are heating they’ll start to turn a slightly lighter yellow color, and the smell will be stronger but just like the unheated green beans. Most roasters liken the smell to a grassy smell.
Steam – As the beans heat further water within them is dissipating where there will be small amounts of steam noticeable.
First Crack – The important “first crack”. This is as it says an audible sound with the beans cracking. Now the smell starts to change and the sugars within the beans begin to caramelize. As the beans crack, oil within the beans begins to escape.
Roasted – Following your first crack the beans are roasted. A roast stopped right after first crack is termed a “City Roast”. From this point forward you’re roasting to a a few taste and preference.
Caramelization – After first crack the beans is constantly have oils escape and also the beans themselves expand in space as the roast gets darker. This slightly darker point following your “City Roast” is called a “Full City Roast”.
Second Crack – At this point the beans begin to start making a new cracking sound. This really is known of course as the “Second Crack”. The second crack can often be much more frequent and intense. Some liken this sound on the noise of Rice Krispies cereal. A roast stopped immediatley following your second crack is actually a “Vienna Roast”. A little further to the second crack stage can be described as “Full City Plus” roast. It is very important know that after the second crack the beans begin to lose the unique flavor they possess. Commercial coffee can often be roasted to this point or beyond in order to get a consistent taste.
Dark Roast – Since the beans darken after the second crack the smoke becomes intense through the beans as the sugars lose completely and the beans expand and break down. At the end of the second crack roasts are called a “French Roast”.
Point Of No Return! – Be careful not to go beyond this point as the smoke intensifies further accurate the risk of fire through the beans. At this point the beans will never be worth using.
Cooling and Storing Your Coffee
When removing your coffee through the roaster you will pour it right into a colander or strainer to allow it to cool. Leaving beans from the roaster will keep them warm as well as the roasting process will continue until they cool. After your beans are cool allow them sit for 12-24 hours in the loosely sealed container since the beans will continue to emit CO2. Coffee is the most suitable used with in 1 week of roasting (one more reason to roast your individual coffee or buy freshly roasted coffee). After 1 week the quality begins to degrade. However, it is also best to wait 24 to Two days to use your beans as they definitely attain peak flavor after degassing.